Pine, Austrian
LATIN: Pinus nigra subsp. nigra J.F.Arnold

Pine, Austrian
Family : Pinaceae
Flowering Cévennes: 5 - 5 . Light: sunny. . Moisture: average
Sample Cévenol GPS : 44°25.48' N 3°45.34' E
Status: not under threat in this region
Habitat: (view in new page) :Key: Artificial woods.Secondary : Salzmann pine as tree and wasteland shrub.

Pin noir d'Autriche
Famille : Pinaceae
Floraison Cévennes : 5 - 5 . Lumière: ensoleillé. . . Humidité: moyen
Exemple Cévenol GPS : 44°25.48' N 3°45.34' E
Statut : pas menacé dans ce région
Habitat : (s'ouvrir nouvelle page) :Clef : Boisements artificiels. Secondaire : Forêts et matorrals de pin de Salzmann.
Pin noir d'Autriche
Pinus nigra subsp. nigra
Pine, Austrian
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(modifié de Coste, Flore de la France) :

[sous-espèce en parenthèses] Arbre très ou peu élevé, [port longtemp pyramidal] à lames de [l'écorce d'un gris argenté;]
Écologie : [Introduit début XIX siècle, Causses 1856.] Bois des montagnes du Midi : Cévennes de l'IHérault, du Gard, de l'Ardèche; Pyrénées centrales; Cors.
Répartition hors de France :
Europe méridionale et orientale; Asie Mineure.

Pine, Austrian plant

(modified from Wiki):

[Introduced] Large coniferous evergreen tree , growing to 20-55 metres tall at maturity, with a rounded conic form, that becomes irregular with age The bark is grey to yellow-brown, and is widely split by flaking fissures into scaly plates, becoming increasingly fissured with age.
Ecology UK: Introduced to the Cévennes start of 19C, Causses 1856. It needs full sun to grow well, is intolerant of shade, and is resistant to snow and ice damage
France:
Distribution outside France: ?


Carte (2018) grâce à Tela Botanica

Fleurs : chatons mâles jaunâtres, longs d'environ 25 mm
Floraison France : FI. mai-juin, fr. automne de la 2" année.

Pine, Austrian flower

Flowers: ovulate and pollen cones appear from May to June

Feuilles : géminées, longues de 10-15 cm, raides, [aiguilles d'un vert sombre, parfois très longues];

Pine, Austrian leaf

Leaves: The long leaves (10-15 cm), in dense whorls, are stiffer than in western populations (subsp. larcio and salmanzii), and the trunk is shorter, giving a fatter tree .

Cônes : ovoïdes coniques aigus, ordinairement arqués, longs de 4-8 cm, roux clair, luisants, subsessiles, étalés presque horizontalement; écailles à écusson un peu bombé, caréné en travers, à large ombilic central généralement mucroné; graines d'environ 6 mm, mates, à aile 3-4 fois plus longue qu'elles.

Pine, Austrian fruit

Cones: . The mature seed cones are 5-10 cm long, with rounded scales; they ripen from green to pale grey-buff or yellow-buff in September to November, about 18 months after pollination. The seeds are dark grey, 6-8 mm long, with a yellow-buff wing 20-25 mm long; they are wind-dispersed when the cones open from December to April. Sexual maturity is reached at 15-40 years; large seed crops are produced at 2-5 year intervals.